WHEN: Sunday, September 23, from1:00-2:00 pm
WHERE: Governor Hunt Road in Vernon, Vermont
WHAT: Quaker Worship, Vermont Yankee’s Main Gate
This religious witness will go forward regardless of the weather. It is organized under the care of Burlington Meeting (VT)
We request that all who plan to participate in this worshipful witness gather at the Putney Friends Meetinghouse that morning at 11:00 am for a discussion of basic logistics and ground rules, and final discussion based on our previous dialogues with Chief Hebert of the Vernon Police Department and Patrick Ryan, Head of Security for the plant. At that meeting you will also meet the Quaker elders, identified with arm bands, who will serve as monitors during the worship and aftermath.
We ask that no signs be carried; there will be one banner identifying us as under the care of Burlington Meeting of the Religious Society of Friends. We also suggest that Friends may want to carry snacks or a sandwich and something to drink, as the plant is in a rural area with no stores or restaurants. Food can be bought prior to the 11 am meeting at the Putney Coop. There are portapotties including a wheelchair accessible one at the Vernon Town Beach about a quarter of a mile away from the gate. There will be a car available to shuttle those who need it.
Chief Hebert has offered to let us park at the Vernon Town Offices parking lot and along the road behind it. There is no parking at the local school. Both are also within walking distance of the plant gate We will also be able to have an appointed transport person to drive anyone with health needs from the parking area to the gate and back. Directions to both Putney Meetinghouse and the plant in Vernon are attached to this letter.
At approximately 12:45 pm we will walk prayerfully in single file, in silence, from the parking area to a designated place at the beginning of the plant driveway and form a circle to continue our standing worship. Please bring a light-weight chair with you if you are unable to stand for the worship period, which will last somewhere between a half hour and one hour, and the booking time after, approximately 30 minutes.
We have had many questions about the issue of civil disobedience The meeting for worship, which is the primary focus of this religious witness, is being held in a mutually agreed upon spot on the edge of the plant’s property, and participation in the worship will not incur arrest. There are a few of us who feel we are called to leave the circle during worship, to duck under a rope and continue our worship further inside the plant grounds, about 15 – 20 feet from the first circle. We will form a smaller circle there and continue in worship. We ask that the initial circle continue to hold the worship, while some go inside the grounds. We will then be asked to leave and if we do not, we will be charged with trespassing and be arrested. The police will walk with us to a small house next to the driveway where our paperwork will be completed, and we will then be released on our own recognizance and allowed to leave. We will not be handcuffed. We ask that the circle hold us in worship while we are being booked, until we come back and join you. No one is under any pressure to either go inside or remain outside, nor do Friends need to decide that before we gather.
We would be grateful if Friends who are coming for this witness will let us know your approximate numbers and your home meeting or church at the email or phone number below. We also urge you to carpool if possible.
Please contact us if you have any questions.
Emergency contact phone for that day only:
Directions to Putney Friends Meetinghouse: Take exit 4 off of I – 91. Go north on Route 5 for about a mile. The Meetinghouse will be on your left.
Directions from the Meetinghouse to Vernon Town Offices: From Putney Meetinghouse, take Route 5 South, through the downtown of Brattleboro, onto 142 South. In Vernon, continue onto Governor Hunt Road. The Town Offices are on the right. The time is about 25 minutes
* * * * * * * * * *
Lessons from Fukushima
Monday, September 24, 2012
7:00 pm – 9:00 pm
Stinchfield Hall, Greenfield Community College Main Campus
This should be an excellent opportunity to hear first hand about
Fukushima. Please consider attending this event in Greenfield. The
danger from Vermont Yankee does not stop at the 10 mile evacuation
zone. The Greenfield Guardians Affinity Group.
Ira Helfand, M.D., co-founder of Physicians for Social Responsibility
and emergency physician in Springfield, MA, returns from a conference in
Japan with the latest on Fukushima. Join us to hear crucial information
for all of us living within 50 miles of Vermont Yankee. Additional
comments by Deb Katz, co-founder Citizens Awareness Network. Discussion
Sponsored by Citizens for Emergency Preparedness
More information call: Suzanne G-Sosis 413-774-3585
Press, please call Marian Kelner 413-773-8401
Connecticut River – Hinsdale, NH
Our River Runs Through It: Flotilla & Rally to Stop VT Yankee Pollution
Saturday September 8th on the Connecticut River, Hinsdale NH
Join us by watercraft or along the shore in a creative “Flotilla” action
to protest the thermal & radioactive pollution of the Connecticut River
by Entergy’s Vermont Yankee nuclear reactor.
Where: Main launch area: Prospect Street Boat Launch in Hinsdale, NH:
Land Rally: Fort Hill Rail Trail near the Prospect St. Boat Launch
Area map: http://goo.gl/maps/4CJpA
When: Saturday September 8 (rain date Saturday September 15)
- 11:00 am – Noon: Boats arrive and launch
- 12:30 pm Land Rally
- Please launch early enough to join us by 1pm on the river
- A flotilla of watercraft from kayaks to motor boats will launch & fill the Connecticut River, just East of Vermont Yankee.
- Land supporters will gather at two shady rock outcroppings on the Fort Hill Rail Trail, a 10 to 15 minute walk from the boat launch on Prospect St. From these points, supporters will look out over the flotilla, directly across from Vermont Yankee and be able to hear speakers & music. Bring your binoculars, signs and banners!
- There will be speakerson the water
- David Deen, Connecticut River Steward, Connecticut River Watershed Council
- Christian Parenti, acclaimed writer for The Nation
- Deb Katz, Executive Director of Citizens Awareness Network (CAN), a member of SAGE Alliance.
- There will be music from Tom Neilson, Molly Scott, and One Journey
- There will be a symbolic “ice drop”, to cool the river, highlighting the thermal pollution by VT Yankee and it’s effect on the river ecology.
Why: Entergy Corporation’s Vermont Yankee Nuclear Reactor dumps millions of gallons of heated water, some of it at 105 degrees, into the Connecticut river on a daily basis. Fish like the Atlantic salmon and American shad are very vulnerable to warmed habitats; in Vernon VT, where the reactor discharges, the shad have decreased by 99% since the 1990’s. The effects of this heated plume extend up to 55 miles downriver to Holyoke MA. Entergy could avoid all this by exclusively using their cooling towers instead of the river for cooling the reactor. Join us in telling Energy to cool it.
- Prospect Street Boat Launch in Hinsdale, NH: 11:00a.m. to 12:00p.m. (or from the Fort Hill Rail Trail just north of the Boat Launch) Note; there is a bridge to go under from this launch point. Canoes, kayaks, rowboats, and small boats will have no problem. Larger boats should launch elsewhere. Area map: http://goo.gl/maps/4CJpA
- Other locations: Please allow plenty of extra time for launch from these locations:
Canoe/kayak rental info:
- Vermont Canoe Touring Center 451 Putney Rd, Brattleboro, VT. 2 hour paddle to Vermont Yankee
- Barton s Cove in Gill MA has Kayaks and canoes for $40/day. (413) 863-9300. Can reserve with a credit card.
- Amherst/Northampton area: Eastern Mt. Sports for $35/day & Adventure Outfitters for $30/day and canoes at $35/day.
Water Safety: All participants on the water are required to have proper flotation equipment (vests, cushions). All boats/rafts need to have sufficient flotation equipment for everyone on board their craft. Motorized boats must be cautious — we expect most of the folks will be in canoes and kayaks, and motor boats must be aware of creating wakes and distracting paddlers. No inner tubes, horseplay, weapons, alcohol or dogs (except service dogs) please. Even though this is not a civil disobedience action, all those in the flotilla (on water or land) are expected to follow the SAGE Alliance Nonviolent Code of Conflict.
Shore Supporters: Along the shore on the the Fort Hill Rail Trail (map coming). The trail is flat. There are two large openings to the side of the trial, a 10-15 minute walk from the boat launch. Bring large signs, banners, puppets (Fish, River, No Hot Water, No Radiation symbol, Close VY, ). Food and water will not be available, so bring your own. Binoculars will be a bonus! Cameras and video are always welcome.No weapons, alcohol or dogs (except service dogs) please. Even though this is not a civil disobedience action, all those in the flotilla (on water or land) are expected to follow the SAGE Alliance Nonviolent Code of Conflict.
Post-Flotilla Gathering: The Marina restaurant, just off Putney Road (Route 5), 28 Spring Tree Rd, Brattleboro, VT 05301 www.vermontmarina.com/
Questions: please email firstname.lastname@example.org
Poster credits: Canoe photo by Will Bennington from Red Clover Climate Justice. This group organized the Northeast Regional Convergence in Burlington VT in July 2012, which highlighted the resistance of the indigenous Innu communities to the mega-dams planned for Northern Quebec. Canoe image edited by Tom Wyatt. Vermont Yankee photo: Lauren Frohne
BRATTLEBORO – The Vermont Yankee nuclear power plant has been reduced to 36 percent power since 1 p.m., after smoke was detected in the reactor building.
According to Vermont Yankee spokesman Rob Williams, there was an electrical failure in one of the two motor generator sets, which controls the reactor’s power by varying the flow of reactor cooling water.
Williams said the malfunction is not safety related and that the public is not in any danger.
“This is not related to plant safety,” Williams told the Reformer. “The plant will remain online at the reduced power output until the investigation of what happened is complete and proper repairs are made.”
On Sept. 30, 2011, the plant was forced to reduce its power output after one of its recirculation pumps had an electrical problem.
Williams said it’s unclear at this time if it’s the same pump or not.
Please join us for a rally to support the democratic will of the people and elected officials of Vermont to shut down Vermont Yankee rather than permit it to operate beyond its original 40-year license.
Saturday, April 14, 2012, Noon to 2:00 pm
Brattleboro Common, Brattleboro, Vermont 05301
[rain location: Brattleboro Union High School]
Unite to defend democracy!
VT Governor Peter Shumlin and Attorney General William Sorrell
will join US Senator Bernie Sanders at the April 14th rally in Brattleboro. Show your support of the State of Vermont’s resolve to stand up to the Entergy Corporation’s arrogance and intimidation! Join us at noon on the Brattleboro Common.
U.S. Senator Bernie Sanders (I-VT)
Special Musical Guest:
Fenibo, a 12-piece Afro-beat ensemble
The rally will…
• Acknowledge the state’s tireless work to replace Vermont Yankee with sustainable energy solutions and prevent further radioactive contamination of the soil, air, and water surrounding the reactor.
• Support Vermont’s resolve to stand up to the Entergy Corporation’s arrogance and intimidation.
• Recognize the Vermont Yankee’s impact on neighboring states and their people and elected officials’ help in closing Vermont Yankee.
• Demand that Entergy immediately shutter Vermont Yankee and begin a thorough, responsible decommissioning of the reactor and clean-up of the site.
Rally sponsors include: Citizens Awareness Network (CAN), Safe & Green Campaign, Vermont Public Interest Research Group (VPIRG), Nuclear Free Vermont, Vermont Yankee Decommissioning Alliance, New England Coalition on Nuclear Pollution (NEC), Beyond Nuclear, Greenpeace, The Enviro Show, SAGE Alliance, Vermont Toxics Action Center, the Sierra Club and Vermont Citizen Action Network.
Above are some of the images from this great event.
While other news outlets are reporting “dozens of people arrested” and the Brattleboro Refraimer shows no news at all, the real numbers are: over 1000 people met on the Brattleboro commons, and marched to Vermont Yankee HQ on Old Ferry Road where there was music, and presentations from a diverse group including Bread and Puppet. Well over 2000 people were at the event, over 136 people were arrested and detained on the VY grounds.
The Brattleboro Police and the Windham County Sheriffs department were on hand to make arrests and are to be commended on a professional, calm and in many cases good humored approach to the demonstrators. Hats off to them all for such a good job! While processing did take longer (up to 7 hrs for some) due to the details of mass arrest and the intake a cataloging of personal possessions (Hint: next time bring only ID and Cell – not back packs) all in all the event went very smoothly.
Several people were released on-site due to age or other disabilities. Most were processed and transported to the Brattleboro Police HQ, and released. The court dates are in Aug 2013!
Other news links:
“ AS I WENT DOWN BY THE RIVER TO PRAY….”
FOLLOWING THE RIVER from SPRINGFIELD, MASS to VERMONT YANKEE, VERNON, VERMONT
2012 WALK FOR A NEW SPRING: REMEMBER FUKUSHIMA March 16 – March 22, 2012
The Connecticut River has been an historic route for many peoples over many centuries. And now it becomes the route of 2012 Walk For a New Spring: Remember Fukushima. We walk to Remember Fukushima, in the knowledge that nuclear energy is neither safe nor clean. Already the Connecticut River, the earth, and the people have suffered contamination from Vermont Yankee. The threat of any sort of accident at the aging nuclear reactor in Vernon, VT is all too real and the consequences would be unimaginably catastrophic.
On Friday, March 16th, 2012 Walk for New Spring: Remember Fukushima will meet up with Grafton Peace Pagoda Walk that has come up from New Jersey and New York. They will meet at AGAPE, in Hardwick, MA and then will journey to Springfield, walking as one body to gather in fellowship at Arise for Social Justice, Springfield.
The next morning on March 17th, please join us at The River Front Park (W Columbus Ave and Memorial Bridge) for the initial ceremony of a week-long series of ceremonies along the Connecticut River. After the Ceremony, we will walk to Chicopee for lunch, followed by a walk to Holyoke . There will be a second ceremony along the Connecticut River at the farm land of NUESTRAS RAICES (24 Jones Ferry Road, off Route 5 near lower Westfield Road. At this point, from Springfield, Mass to Yankee Nuclear Plant in Vernon, Vermont, the Walk will “FOLLOW THE RIVER,” journeying along the route of the Connecticut River through Western Massachusetts to Vermont.
And therefore, each day, the Walk will go “down by the riverside” to offer prayers to the spirit of the river – prayers for the healing of the waters, prayers for healing Mother Earth, prayers for the awakening of all of us for our human duty to shut down Vermont Yankee.
WE URGE EVERYONE,(AND PARTICULARLY WE URGE WESTERN MASS FOLKS), TO JOIN US – March 16th – March 21.
JOIN FOR AN EVENING GATHERING IN YOUR COMMUNITY
March 16th: Worcester to Springfield
March 17th: Springfield to Chicopee to Holyoke
March 18th: Holyoke to Northampton
March 19th: Northampton to Montague
March 20TH: Montague to Northfield
March 21st: Northfield to Vernon
JOIN FOR AN HOUR ! JOIN FOR A DAY! JOIN FOR THE FULL ROUTE ALONG THE RIVER!
Join us as we walk together in love and solidarity for a nuclear free future.
Join us so that together we can search and open the path to help us realize the possibility
of a more just, sustainable and compassionate world, built on respect for living beings and for the earth that sustains us.
Let’s become a ground-swell of concerned residents. Let our walking together speak for itself.
By gathering together and walking as a community , we become “the walking prayer:”
“(the) prayer for the suffering of the Japanese people and a plea to the people of New England
to recognize the grave dangers that nuclear energy poses to our lives, where we live, and all life on Mother Earth.”
The children of today and the children of the future call to us to take action. We answer their call by walking with Walk for a New Spring, following the River, and offering prayers for healing at the River’s edge .
details to join the walk or support the walk when it comes to your community,
WFNSP sponsored by New England Peace Pagoda, co-sponsors: AFSC Northampton, Arise for Social Change, Sprngfld;
Nuclear Free Future; House of Peace, Ipswich, MA; MassPeaceAction.
10 days 17 hours 45 minutes
Until the Closure of Vermont Yankee
“Evacuating” on the 11th? In an Affinity Group? Coming 3.22 to Occupy HQ? However you are acting to shut down VT Yankee, join the 250 citizens who have taken the VY Pledge! Click here for the VY PLEDGE
IT COULD HAPPEN HERE:
EVACUATION MARCH AND PUBLIC FORUM ON THE ONE-YEAR ANNIVERSARY
OF THE FUKUSHIMA NUCLEAR DISASTER
FLYER: Evacuation Anniversary 2012 FLYER: Fukushima Forum March 11 2012
On March 11, one year after the disastrous earthquake, tsunami, and nuclear meltdowns in Fukushima, Japan, the SAGE Alliance will be conducting a mock evacuation from Vermont Yankee in solidarity with the people of Japan. Said organizer Nancy Braus, “We will be thinking especially of those 100,000 people exiled from their homes, maybe forever, within the 12-mile radius around the Fukushima reactors.”
Those who wish to take part in the evacuation will meet at 12:45 pm at the Transportation Center on Flat Street in Brattleboro with their “evacuation gear.” School buses will transport participants to the Vermont Yankee gates. From there, “evacuees” will assemble with their strollers, roller bags, backpacks, and other evacuation items, as well as signs and banners, and then walk the six miles from Vermont Yankee to downtown Brattleboro. Those who cannot walk the entire route may join us in the Marlboro Graduate Center parking lot; we hope to arrive there around 3:30pm and walk downtown. Once in Brattleboro, food and drinks will be served to walkers at the River Garden, at 153 Main Street.
At 5:00 pm, a public forum on Fukushima and Vermont Yankee will be held at the River Garden. Arnie and Margaret Gundersen, nationally respected consultants on nuclear issues, will present an update and analysis on conditions at Fukushima and discuss the response to the meltdowns of the Japanese government and nuclear industry one year later, the implications of Fukushima for U.S. reactors, including Vermont Yankee, and the impact of radiation from Fukushima on public health in the U.S. The forum will also include a talk by Ms. Chiho Kaneko of Hartland, Vermont, who will give an eyewitness report about life in the aftermath of Fukushima in the area around the reactor and in Japan as a whole.
Click here for The Commons April 2011 coverage of Fukushima and local reactions, including essays by members of Safe & Green.
Why did Bill Irwin, the radiological and toxicological
sciences program chief for the Vermont Department of
Health, say in Field and Stream, 2/8/12, “What we
thought, that that plant has not yet leaked any kind
of radioactive materials of this nature into the
environment where it could harm public health, is
Concurring with Bill Irwin, Larry Smith, spokesman for
the Vermont Yankee nuclear power plant in Vernon,said
in the Burlington Free Press 2/8/12 the results, (of
the fish in Lake Carmi testing positive for Strontium
90) backs up the company’s argument that “Vermont
Yankee poses no threat to the public health of the
Connecticut River.” Smith says in an August 4, 2011 AP
article by David Gram “Entergy remains firm in its
conclusion that Vermont Yankee operations cannot be
linked to the recent identification of (SR 90) in fish
tissue from a fish sample obtained by the state” and
again in the same article, Smith states there was
“absolutely no evidence to suggest that Vermont Yankee
is the source for the SR90.”
Irwin and Smith contend that SR90 found in fish in
both Lake Carmi and the Connecticut River proves that
radioactive materials in both fish populations come
from above ground weapons testing or the Chernobyl
nuclear disaster and not from Vermont Yankee.
The problem with Smith and Irwin’s reasoning comes to
light with Gram’s investigation of SR 90 releases from
Vermont Yankee. Gram found in the Nuclear Regulatory
Commission’s files that the plant itself reported
releases of SR 90 into the environment in at least one
of the quarters each year from 2002 to 2005. An
investigation by David Lochbaum, director, Nuclear
Safety Project of the Union of Concerned Scientists
found that the NRC was informed by Entergy on
5/11/2011 that Vermont Yankee released measurable
amounts of SR90 during 2010. Lochbaum states that,in
fact, past reports show that Entergy routinely
released SR90 into the environment.
Lochbaum concludes that, despite what Irwin and Smith
say, VY cannot be ruled out as the source of
radioactive contamination of fish in the Connecticut
On Vermont Public Radio news, 2/7/12, Dr. Harry Chen,
Vermont State health commissioner says that, although
the Lake Carmi results indicate that those fish may
have absorbed background radiation levels of
radioactivity from global sources, he cannot rule out
Vermont Yankee as the source of contamination in the
I cannot square Dr. Irwin’s nonsensical assertions
about radiation in the Connecticut River fish with
Lochbaum and Chen’s separate analyses.
Why does this matter? Simply stated, SR90 is the worst
of the radioisotopes found to have leaked from Vermont
Yankee. It is bone seeking and water soluble and poses
a significant public health hazard. It is linked to
both cancer and leukemia. There is no threshold below
which it can be considered safe.
Vermont Yankee has leaked significant levels of SR90
into the groundwater, river and air, which is now
being discovered in fish in close proximity to Vermont
Yankee. Thus a public health hazard now exists for not
only the fish, but individuals, particularly pregnant
women and young children who eat the fish.
We cannot continue to tolerate being poisoned by
Vermont Yankee. It must be shut down now.
Repinted with permission…
Fairewinds shows that the nuclear industry’s plan to vent the containment at Fukushima Daiichi could not have prevented a containment failure and the ensuing explosions. Look at the graphics from the containment stress tests conducted more than 40 years ago at a US nuclear reactor identical to Fukushima Daiichi Unit 1. This video and its graphics provide important clues about why Fukushima Daiichi Unit 1 exploded.
Arnie Gundersen: Hi, I’m Arnie Gundersen from Fairewinds. Feb. 6, 2012
I have been thinking a lot lately about what happened in the first day of the nuclear accident at Fukushima. I think I have come up with some interesting information that I wanted to share with you. The facility at Fukushima was one of the largest nuclear reactors in the world. I am sure you have seen the videos of it when it was functioning and it was truly an impressive facility. Everyone has also seen the pictures of the facility after the explosions. In that period of a couple days, it went from a several billion dollar asset to a hundreds of billion dollar liability. And I believe it is the single biggest industrial accident in the history of the world.
But I wanted to focus on what happened after the tsunami but before the explosions. And I think there is some important information that can be gleaned from the historical record. I need to go back and talk a little bit about the nuclear fundamentals for a minute here though. The nuclear reactor sits inside a nuclear containment. Now the containment is, we have shown before, and the one that is on the screen now, is the Brown’s Ferry Nuclear Reactor. The top of that containment has a lid on it and it is connected by many, many bolts. I am going to use a tea infuser here to explain it another way. This is the containment, the nuclear reactor sits inside, and then that lid gets screwed to the top. So that if there is an accident and a pipe breaks inside the nuclear containment, in theory, all of the contaminated gasses stay inside that containment. Well it has been known for a long time that the Mark I reactor is a very small reactor containment. As a result, back in the 80’s, the Nuclear Regulatory Commission added a vent to it.
The reason for that is that engineers did not understand when they built this unit, that hydrogen gasses could build up after an accident. That is exactly what happened at Fukushima. At Fukushima the nuclear reactor was uncooled and the nuclear fuel became very hot; it reacted with the water to create hydrogen gas.
Now the data from the first day of the accident is troubling to say the least. The data, as I have been able to put it together, is pretty complicated, but we will work our way through it here. This is a multi-column table. The first column is the time and the day. But what I am interested in is the fourth column over. And that table is in Pascals which is a measure of pressure. I am going to convert those to pounds per square inch which most of us are more comfortable talking about.
The bottom of the table is right before the accident and the pressure was atmospheric. What that means, .1 is normal pressure, 14.5 pounds per square inch. Then the tsunami came, the plant lost it’s power, and the next data point is about 8 hours later because remember now, most of the components did not have electricity, so most of these readings were unavailable.
Well at 2 in the morning, the pressure inside the containment was almost 9 times higher, that means it was about 125 pounds per square inch. This containment was not designed for 125 pounds per square inch. To look a little further though, by 9:30 in the morning the pressure starts to drop and for the next 7 hours the pressure is much lower than it was at 2 in the morning. So the question is, how could it be that the pressure in the afternoon was lower than the pressure in the early morning? Remember, there is a violent chemical reaction going on inside the nuclear reactor where all sorts of hydrogen gas is being generated.
One possible reason for the lower containment pressure is that the containment vent was open. But that had not happened yet. So what made the pressure drop down? One possibility I believe to be the case, is something that happened 40 years ago at a plant called the Brunswick Plant in North Carolina. Now the nuclear industry in the U.S., the IAEA, the Japanese, are all aware of this, but they are all ignoring this test and pretending that it did not happen.
What happened 40 years ago was this: When a containment was pressurized, it was pressurized to just about 100 pounds and then something really strange and unexpected happened. The top, the head of the containment, began to lift off of the bottom of the containment. Getting back to my mug here, what happened was that the bolts that hold the top to the bottom, began to stretch and the top lifted and allowed the gasses to slide out. That held the pressure in here at 100 pounds even though gasses were being pumped in.
Now this was not an accident, this was pressurized with normal air, it was a test. But the containment at Brunswick began to leak at around 100 pounds per square inch. Let’s look at that table again from Fukushima. Where did Fukushima settle out at? Just about 100 pounds per square inch. What that tells me is that the head of the containment lifted up and gasses began to sneak out into the reactor building, which is that box that surrounds it, well before the containment vent was even opened.
Now another photograph of the site right before the explosion, clearly shows that the containment vent was open. You will see the stack on the right of this picture and it has steam coming out the top, smoke coming out the top. What that is is highly radioactive gasses and water vapor and it is creating that steam.
So we know that right before the explosion, the containment vent was working. Now the Japanese are saying that the containment vent was working, but the pipes were somehow or other leaking hydrogen into the plant as well and that is what caused the explosion.
To my way of thinking, the data does not support the interpretation of the nuclear industry and the Japanese. What the data does support is the Brunswick test from 40 years ago. It seems to me that for 8 hours or more, the containment at Fukushima was basically ruptured, that the top had popped up, and gasses were sliding out, so that it could not go over 100 pounds per square inch.
And hydrogen gasses were leaking out of the containment and into the reactor building for a long period of time. After that, it only took a spark to blow the reactor building up. This is a really important distinction. The nuclear industry, the Nuclear Regulatory Commission and the Japanese are saying that we can make the vent stronger so that this accident cannot happen. But if the nuclear head is lifting up, the vent is irrelevant. The containment on the Mark I design has a design flaw that the containment vent cannot solve.
Whether or not the nuclear reactor containment at Fukushima maintained it’s integrity is a critical question to the operating fleet of BWR reactors throughout the world.
I will be working on some more information over the next week and we will have another video up shortly.
Thank you very much. I will keep you informed.